Scenic spot “paid rescue” for what?

2022-04-24 0 By

Yunnan province recently issued the Tourism Regulations of Lijiang City (hereinafter referred to as the Regulations), which went into effect on March 1.The Regulations clearly point out that tourists who do not comply with the provisions of scenic spots (spots) and enter undeveloped or unopened areas without authorization into difficulties or dangerous conditions in need of rescue, after the relevant organizations and institutions complete the rescue, the tourism activity organizers and the rescued persons shall bear the corresponding rescue costs.The news sparked heated debate in the society.Previously, Huangshan Scenic area in Anhui province and Daocheng Yading Scenic area in Sichuan province began to set up a “paid rescue” mechanism.Safety first, life first, the basic purpose of the implementation of paid rescue is to ensure the safety of tourists.On October 28, 2019, a tourist secretly entered the yunshanping primeval forest in Yulong Snow Mountain and was trapped;On June 29, 2020, two tourists were trapped in the hinterland of Jade Dragon Snow Mountain;In the early morning of January 16, 2022, a tourist got lost 5 kilometers northwest of Blue Moon Valley of Yulong Snow Mountain and was in critical condition…”Every year, there are 3 to 4 cases of tourists getting into trouble or danger after entering undeveloped and unopened areas without following the regulations of scenic spots (spots).”He Jiguang, deputy director of lijiang Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic area Management Committee, said.Yulong Snow Mountain covers an area of 415 square kilometers, with continuous peaks, rich landforms, great elevation difference and great vertical climate difference.The area of scenic spots is too large and there are many access paths, so it is impossible to implement closed management, which is also the pain point of many mountain scenic spots management.It is understood that the yulong Snow Mountain scenic area (Gan Haizi, Blue Moon Valley, glacier Park, Yunshan Ping, Yak Ping) are equipped with outdoor rescue facilities, security alert infrared sensor probe, there are also patrol team for security patrol.The perimeter alarm system establishes a safety protection wall for yulong Snow Mountain scenic spot, while the emergency rescue alarm column deployed in the tourist gathering area of the scenic spot provides a convenient visual emergency alarm channel for tourists who need help.When an emergency occurs, tourists can press the “emergency help” button to connect the tourist center of the scenic spot, and realize visual intercom with the tourist center, so that the tourist center can recheck and confirm the site situation and positioning as soon as possible, and contact the relevant departments of the scenic spot to provide remote support or services to those seeking help.However, undeveloped and unopened areas in scenic spots often have imperfect security facilities or even no security facilities.In he Jiguang’s opinion, the formal implementation of the Regulations requires “unauthorized tourists” to assume certain responsibilities, which can guide tourists to consciously abide by the relevant provisions.In The Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic spot, when tourists do not comply with the regulations of the scenic spot (spot), and enter the undeveloped and unopened area without entering into trouble or danger, the scenic spot safety patrol, Yulong County fire brigade, Lijiang Blue Sky rescue team and other timely rescue, free service.According to He Jiguang, yulong Snow Mountain scenic spot has established a relatively complete emergency response mechanism, set up a comprehensive tourism safety rescue fund, according to law and regulations to protect the safety of tourists’ lives and property.This part of the rescue fund is mainly used for some emergencies in scenic spots, compared with the complicated outdoor rescue, it is a drop in the bucket.”Yulong Snow Mountain is so large that once tourists are in danger, the search and rescue area is large.Also, many places are covered with cliffs and dark ice, which makes it very difficult to rescue people.”Yunnan blue sky rescue team assistant Ren Yubo said.The regulation is not the first case of “paid rescue” in Lijiang.On July 1, 2018, the Implementation Measures for Paid Rescue in Huangshan Scenic And Historic Interest Area was officially implemented, which is the first normative document establishing a paid rescue system in China.In 2019, a tourist surnamed Wang was trapped after entering the undeveloped and unopened Zhu Sha Peak area of Huangshan Scenic Area without buying a ticket, according to media reports.The cost of emergency rescue was 15,227 yuan, of which 3,206 yuan was paid for by the tourists themselves.In terms of expense accounting, paid rescue expenses include labor service, pre-hospital treatment, transportation, accident insurance, logistics support, third-party rescue force and other expenses incurred in the rescue process.In June 2021, Huangshan City drew up the Guidance on Paid Rescue of Mountain Scenic Spots in Huangshan City, which planned to expand the scope of paid rescue from Huangshan Scenic spot to the city’s mountain scenic spot, and detailed the cost items, review process and legal liability of paid rescue.In recent years, with the rise of outdoor adventure sports, there have been frequent accidents of “travelers” entering the restricted area without authorization, bringing huge security risks and economic burden to the local area.In August 2020, local rescuers managed to save two hikers who were trapped after exploring unexplored virgin forest on mount Emei’s back side.For violating the Regulations on the protection of Mount Emei’s World Cultural and Natural Heritage, two travelers have paid more than 20,000 yuan for the search and rescue.”Of the regulations, is in the lijiang city tourism management measures for the implementation for many years, on the basis of practice for many unique characteristics of the lijiang, experience, the system summary to ascend out of legal norms, is a prominent problem in lijiang tourism management complement regulation, is a kind of refinement and extension on the level of law, more accords with the practice of lijiang, is conducive to sustained and healthy development of lijiang.”Zhang Qihuai, a well-known lawyer, believes that from the perspective of regulating tourism management, the introduction of the Regulations has led the high-quality development of Lijiang’s tourism industry as a beacon of the rule of law, and tourists should pay for their “capriciousness”.Ren joined the Blue Sky Rescue Team in Lijiang in 2014 and has participated in many outdoor rescues on Yulong Snow Mountain.In his opinion, “the most afraid of is the single soldier combat ‘hiking friends’, think they are rich in outdoor experience, in order to pursue excitement, in the absence of equipment, emergency supplies, lack of professional knowledge rushed into the mountains, do not know how to respect nature.””The cost of our rescue is covered by the Dutch system.”Ren yubo said, this is also the blue Sky rescue team members agreed to the principle of public welfare.”Life comes first and we want to make a contribution to others and society.”Blue sky rescue team members usually have their own work, every dangerous situation, local and surrounding areas of the team will participate in the rescue according to personal circumstances.Under the background of the increasing voice of public opinion for paid rescue, the public is thinking deeply about whether it is reasonable and whether it can guarantee life first.”We are not in the rescue for a reward.”Ren yubo said blue Sky rescue team members often risk their lives to save others, and injuries are common.From the perspective of pure relief, paid relief violates the spirit of humanitarian relief.It is the management behavior of the scenic spot to pursue the paid rescue expenses for the trapped people.He Jiguang believes that paid rescue should follow the concept of “life first and safety first”, adhere to the principle of rescue first and recovery later, the principle of combining paid rescue with public rescue, and the principle of combining education with warning.Zhang Qihuai believes that whether to charge rescue fees should be distinguished in the implementation process. For example, knowing that there are risks and it is forbidden to enter the area by law, but tourists still venture into the area and cause distress, which is different from the nature of accidents and accidents caused by normal professional activities.The regulations are designed to provide a legal basis for paid rescue.Zhang qihuai suggested that some implementation rules for paid rescue should be stipulated from the level of laws and regulations.For example, under what circumstances, how much the traveller must pay;The “fine” issued by the relevant relief organization or relief institution must be based on detailed financial expenditure bills;In case of a dispute between the tourists of the “wild tour” and the relevant rescue organization or relief organization on the issue of “ticket”, which department should be the arbitration.Once the implementation rules are drawn up, they must be followed and cannot be changed at will.Most importantly, “life first, safety first” is the basic starting point of paid rescue.(Author: Cao Yan;Editing: Song Yuqiu)