How to reduce the risk of skiing?The skiing doctor of The Beijing Winter Olympics has three suggestions
Science and Technology Daily reporter Dai Xiaopei recently, a famous French actor died of skiing accident, only 37 years old.Skiing safety has once again raised public concerns.Beijing Olympics, Beijing union medical college hospital anesthesiology attending physician, the 2022 Beijing Olympic alpine skiing healthcare team ski CheLu said the doctor, skiing is a high risk factor of exercise, skiers can follow ski resorts safety standards, personal protection, effectively cope with the three points into action (injury, avoid big risk.Che lu said that entering the ski resort and knowing and following the safety rules is the prerequisite to avoid skiing injuries.Most ski resorts display the IAF’s Ten Safety Guidelines in a prominent place.Skiers need to take responsibility for their actions, ensure that they do not cause injury to others, and keep themselves in control, controlling their speed according to their ability, terrain and snow conditions.Che lu said the rear skiers must choose a line that does not endanger the safety of skiers in front of them.The skier in front has the priority to use the piste. In case of collision, the skier in the rear will take full responsibility.When passing other skiers from behind or on the side, maintain a safe distance.After resting on the piste, make sure you and others are safe when you slide or climb up again.Che lu said skiers should avoid staying in the middle of the piste or places where their sight is easily blocked, and pass through such spots as soon as possible.To walk or stay on the piste, always stay on the sides of the piste.Che lu said skiers must understand and pay attention to signs and signs.When skiing, it is very important to choose the right protection.Che lu stressed that the helmet must be worn when skiing, which is a key “life-saving straw”.In addition, you can wear targeted armor, buttock protection (especially in snowboarding), kneepads, wrist guards (strongly recommended for snowboarding) and other protective equipment.If a part has been injured or vulnerable to injury, also want to wear the corresponding protective gear, on the one hand, can fix the joint, play a stabilizing role, on the other hand, can remind yourself to pay attention to safety.Che Lu suggests wearing three layers of clothing for outdoor activities.The inner layer is quick drying and sweating material, convenient sweating;The second layer is usually made of fleece to keep warm.The outermost layer is windproof and waterproof.Waterproof ski jackets, pants, and skin-tight insulation help maintain core body temperature, improve muscle stability, and reduce the chance of injury.In addition, experts recommend warming up for 10-15 minutes before skiing to increase blood flow and muscle oxygen and help the body adapt to the following exercise as soon as possible.It is best to ski in a group and not on wild slopes or snow areas.Also, skiers remember to buy insurance.Che Lu said, after skiing injury do not panic, if not action to wait for rescue.Take warm measures while waiting. Lying still on the snow for a long time may cause temperature loss.The ski resort is usually equipped with patrol personnel, who can contact the rescue team to check the injured in the case of confirming the safety of the site.There are three areas to evaluate: head and neck (including spine), chest and abdomen, pelvis and limbs.The main assessment content has four points: whether there is redness, swelling, bleeding, deformity, tenderness.Che lu said redness and swelling are mainly used in maxillofacial judgment, and malformation and tenderness are important signs of trauma and fracture.”Bleeding is relatively rare for ice and snow sports, but cuts can occur under special circumstances due to the sharp edges of skis and skis.”‘If there is a cut injury, first apply pressure to stop bleeding,’ Ms. Che said.If the amount of blood loss is large, it may indicate injury of larger arteries or veins.If bleeding occurs in the extremities, a tourniquet, such as a belt or magic scarf, can be made and applied to the proximal part of the injury until the bleeding is under control.Preventative measures such as helmets and armor can effectively prevent head, neck and spinal injuries, Che said.If an injury occurs, always wait for professional assistance, as the secondary injury caused by improper assistance may be more serious than the original injury.In this regard, experts give 16 words formula: head neck and back pain, temporarily do not move, waiting for rescue, to avoid aggravation.”Rib fractures are relatively common in the chest and abdomen.”Che lu warned that mobile phones should not be placed in the pocket of the rib area while skiing, as it is not uncommon for skiers to fracture their ribs after falling.Abdominal organ injury is relatively rare. If you are not sure about chest or abdominal injury, try coughing hard. If you feel pain or discomfort while coughing, it may indicate trauma in this area.In view of pelvic and limb injury, self-rescue can be made with portable equipment.Severe pain in the pelvis and sacral tail may indicate a pelvic fracture. Severe pelvic fractures are dangerous and can be fixed with a snowsuit as a pelvic band on the piste.Rescue workers should comfort the injured and coordinate the transfer to help them receive further examination and treatment, Che added.