Analysis of “Road” in “Beacon Yangzhou Road”
A teacher sent me a question, and one of the choices was: Lu was an administrative region in the Song and Yuan dynasties, equivalent to today’s province.”Wang Zhong still remember, beacon Yangzhou Road” in the “road” is the same.The focus of the controversy is whether “Yangzhou Road” in Xin Qiji’s song “Forever Encounter Lejing Koubei Guting Nostalgic for the past” means administrative area.Of course, the first half of the sentence is flawed.I immediately looked up books to see what the textbook said, and looked up the 2007 edition of the people’s Education and the latest edition of the unified edition of the textbook.The two sets of textbooks explain “the Beacon fire of Yangzhou Road” respectively as: “It refers to the flames of war that the Jin army invaded yangzhou Road in those days.””The beacon fire of resistance to gold in Yangzhou.”Only from the textbook, although the interpretation is different, “Yangzhou Road” is understood as “Yangzhou Road on” or “Yangzhou area”, which does not touch on the meaning of “road” as an administrative area, but from another perspective, “Yangzhou Area” is obviously more accurate than “Yangzhou Road”.Then, Teacher Ye found the textbook they used to go to school, which was the old people’s education edition before 2007 edition. I didn’t have this textbook, so I didn’t proofread it. The screenshots read: “It means that jin Soldiers raided the whole Yangzhou Road.Road, song Dynasty administrative domain name, equivalent to the modern ‘province’.”According to this meaning, the meaning of “Yangzhou Road” is very clear.However, since the meaning of “road” is so clear, why the textbook editor from the beginning to delete?The comparison of textbooks in different years shows the ideas of the editors.Therefore, with doubts, I consulted The Common Sense of Ancient Chinese Culture (Revised 4th Edition of Illustrations) edited by Mr. Wang Li, which reads as follows: Roads — Roads in the Song Dynasty were originally divided into regions for collecting taxes and transporting grain, and then gradually took on the nature of administrative divisions and military regions.At first there were 15 roads in the whole country, but later there were 18 roads and 23 roads (in addition, there were a few roads specially designed for military purposes, which did not receive civilian services).Roughly the same as today’s provinces.For example, Fujian Road, Guangdong Road, Guangxi Road, Hunan Road, Hubei Road, Shaanxi Road, Hebei Road and so on, and today’s province name is the same, the area is roughly the same.(Guangdong Road is also known as Guangnan East Road, Guangxi Road as Guangnan West Road, Hunan Road as Jinghu South Road and Hubei Road as Jinghubei Road.)There were roads in the Yuan Dynasty. The roads in the Song Dynasty were large, while the roads in the Yuan Dynasty were small, equivalent to prefectures.From this explanation of Mr. Wang Li, first, “Lu was an administrative area in the Song and Yuan dynasties, equivalent to the present province” this statement is also problematic, and the old people’s teaching version only says “Lu, the domain name of the Administrative area in the Song Dynasty, equivalent to the modern ‘province’.”Song and Yuan dynasties also had “lu”, but the scope was different and could not be equal.At the same time, consult “ancient Chinese dictionary”, you can also find: “Song and Yuan administrative domain name.The Song Dynasty ‘lu’ is equivalent to the modern ‘province’, the Yuan Dynasty ‘Lu’ is equivalent to the modern ‘region’.”Second, since “at first there were 15 roads in the whole country, but later there were 18 roads and 23 roads”, it is possible to check whether any of these “roads” is yangzhou Road.Liu Chaoheng consulted a large number of materials: In the Northern Song Dynasty, the country was divided into 23 “roads” (equivalent to today’s provinces), which are as follows:KaiFengFu (Tokyo), jingdong east road, Beijing road, Beijing southwest road, hebei east road, hebei road, hedong road, yongxing army, Qin Fenglu, zhejiang road, east road of huainan, huainan west road, south east road, jiangnan west road, jing in hubei, hunan road thorn, fujian road, chengdu office, catalpa state road and state road wide, wide real talent state road, south east road, south road.During the Southern Song Dynasty, the whole country was divided into 16 “roads”.Two West Zhejiang Road, two East Zhejiang Road, Jiangnan East Road, Jiangnan West Road, Huainan East Road, Huainan West Road, Jinghu South Road, Jinghubei Road, Southwest Beijing Road, Guangnan East Road, Guangnan West Road, Fujian Road, Chengdu Fu Road, Tongchuan Fu Road, Kuizhou Road, Lizhou Road.Both in northern song dynasty and the southern song dynasty, not a “yangzhou road”, but a careful check, found that two dynasties, has set up a “huainan east road”, a large area north of the Yangtze river, huai river, called “huainan east road”, is located in yangzhou, FuZhi caused by so-called “yangzhou road”, is the nickname of “huainan east road”.(” Beacon Fire Yangzhou Road “in the interpretation of” Lu “correct”) the first part has clearly proposed that in the Song Dynasty, there is no such administrative division “Yangzhou Road”, therefore, “Yangzhou Road” can not be interpreted as administrative division;But in the end, the author said “Yangzhou Road”, which is another name of “Huainan East Road”, I do not know why?This conclusion is contrary to the content, somehow?However, I looked up several papers, which obviously directly explained the “Road” of “Yangzhou Road” as an administrative region without the demonstration process. They are all preexisting concepts, and the verification process is not scientific to use such concepts to verify.So, I will be the problem to a group of song poetry study, ask group of cuhk cafe, immediately be suddenly enlightened, for example, a teacher from the original source of this poem to think: “fire yangzhou road” comes from “spring breeze” yangzhou road tu mu, of his “yangzhou slow” “spring breeze miles, wil wheat qingqing” too, tu mu at that time, the meaning of “road” have no administrative region.Some teachers believe that administrative nouns can only be used in poetry when they are transformed into geographical nouns.Such as state, into Yangzhou.What do you think, who wrote the poem will use the word fenghuo Yangzhou economic development Zone.At this point, we can roughly confirm that the “road” here cannot be used as an administrative area.I looked up the online examination questions and found that there was no problem with this answer. Learning needs to be rigorous and every word should not be ignored. If we are a little careless, there will be loopholes.We should warn the students to wait until the future respectable time, in some important journals published some shallow discussion, or loopholes, will be laughed at.From another point of view, there is no end to knowledge and pursuit, just as Professor Qu Wanli said: to annotating ancient poems and articles is just like sweeping leaves, sweeping one layer after another.We can not stop, even the familiar place will be unable to understand the content, so open mind, accept advice, continuous learning, is the key to learn.